Not everyone who considers himself a "Messianic Jew" is.

For a year I regularly attended Zola Levitt's Shalom Shalom Messianic Congregation in Dallas, Texas.

Levitt was ethnically Jewish and he was raised Orthodox Jewish. He definitely considered himself to be Messianic. However, theologically his beliefs were mainstream Baptist. Hence, he really was a Hebrew Christian, not a Messianic Jew. (He was an ordained Baptist minister.)

Almost all Shalom Shalom's attendees were gentile Protestants. All the staff ministers except Zola were gentiles and all were trained in mainstream Protestant seminaries (not in their Jewish Studies programs). Although Levitt published extensively, his writings are never referenced by Messianic theologians and he never was asked to preach or teach in Messianic congregations.

Hebrew Christian Congregations

Sadly, due to the long history of persecution of Jews by people who claimed to be Christian, many Jewish people are afraid of any religious group that uses Christian terminology or symbols such as the Cross.

In an effort to avoid this problem, certain American Protestant denominations, particularly the Southern Baptist Convention, have set up "sub-denominations" that use Jewish religious terminology and Jewish religious symbols such as the Star of David and the menorah, and adopt a few rituals from Orthodox Jewish worship services. However, these "sub-denominations" maintain the theology of their "parent" denomination, which is not Messianic.

2002 by Rick Reinckens